Andrzej DUDA, President of Poland, recalled the course and consequences of the Second World War for his nation and recalled some of his country`s achievements within the organization. These include Poland`s role in drafting the draft UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948), its adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) and its participation as a non-permanent member state of the Security Council and its contributions. He highlighted Poland`s work in the fight against climate change and recalled that it had organized three UN climate conferences. Warsaw is always ready to implement the practical co-responsibility of world peace, he said, as evidenced by Poland`s presence in peace operations, including the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). When the founders founded the United Nations, they did so in the languishing rubble of war, he recalls. He noted that the Second World War showed the need for a forum to harmonize the actions of nations and said that the founders recognized the same importance for the three pillars: peace and security, development and human rights. „You can`t move forward without the other,“ he said. „This is what the United Nations has been looking for for 75 years.“ He pointed to various achievements and said that the organization had grown from 51 to 193 members, indicating that countries were gaining independence and feeling committed to the Charter of the United Nations as States. Protection responsibility: Mr BogDAN LUCIAN AURESCU, Romanian Foreign Minister, said in a 2005 agreement between all UN member states to protect the population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. Bogdan Lucian AURESCU, Romanian Foreign Minister, said that one of the main lessons of recent months was the need for effective and innovative multilateral cooperation, and that the rules-based international order – with the United Nations on its merits – must be maintained and strengthened.
On the occasion of this anniversary, the spirit of unity, solidarity and cooperation remains essential to achieving the organization`s objectives. Innovation and reforms should ensure the effectiveness, efficiency and usefulness of the United Nations system. Efforts must aim to preserve and promote peace and security, promote, protect and respect human rights, and accelerate the implementation of the programme by 2030. No effort should be spared to recover better and greener, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement.