It is interesting to note that the Singapore agreement has no reciprocal obligation like the New York agreement, which means that mediation conducted around the world could potentially be recognized and implemented in a ratifying state. Since the mediator does not rule on the dispute, the parties have full control over the outcome of the dispute. They can agree on future-oriented legal and non-legal solutions that meet their interests and needs. In the event of non-consolidation, the mediation process often provides greater clarity in the scope and nature of the dispute. This can help streamline all disputes or arbitration proceedings that result. India is expected to implement appropriate national legislation in the near future, in line with the ratification of the Singapore mediation agreement. According to media reports, India`s Supreme Court has set up a body to consolidate bills (an Indian mediation law) to grant legal untouchability to disputes settled through mediation. The agreement applies to negotiated international agreements that have been concluded in writing and that end a trade dispute. A transaction agreement is considered „international“ under the agreement if the parties have their place of business in different states or if the parties` place of business differs from that where a substantial portion of the obligations arising from the transaction agreement is fulfilled or with which the purpose of the transaction agreement is most closely linked. The agreement excludes agreements resulting from transactions made by one of the parties (consumer protection means) for personal, family or budgetary purposes or whose purpose concerns family, inheritance or labour law. The agreement also does not apply to transaction agreements concluded in court proceedings (and therefore already enforceable) or to transaction agreements that are enforceable as arbitrators` awards. In addition, signatory states have the opportunity to express their reservations about the application of the Convention, with the exception of comparisons in which they or their governmental bodies participate; approve the application of the agreement only to the extent that the parties have consented to its application.
So far, Belarus and Iran have expressed reservations about this. The Convention is an instrument designed to facilitate international trade and promote mediation as an alternative and effective means of resolving trade disputes. As a binding international instrument, it aims to ensure the security and stability of the international mediation framework and thus contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in particular SDG 16. This Convention promotes mediation which, in certain circumstances, may be a more effective method of resolving disputes than arbitration or court proceedings. However, in order to enter the scope of this Convention, a mediator must assist the parties in reaching its transaction agreement; Therefore, the parties cannot only reach an agreement themselves.